Department of Education and Training Victoria

The initiation “curriculum” does not usually include practical subjects. Instead, it consists of a whole set of cultural values, tribal religion, myths, philosophy, history, rituals, and other knowledge. Primitive people in some cultures regard the body of knowledge constituting the initiation curriculum as most essential to their tribal membership. Within this essential curriculum, religious instruction takes the most prominent place.

Despite favourable studies on effectiveness, many people may still desire to choose traditional campus education for social and cultural reasons. Charter schools are another example of alternative education, which have in the recent years grown in numbers in the US and gained greater importance in its public education system. There is disagreement in the academic literature on whether education is an evaluative concept. So-called thick definitions affirm this, for example, by holding that an improvement of the learner is a necessary requirement of education. However, different thick definitions may still …